Tuesday, January 15, 2019

How China Managed To Contained U.S.Clandestine Operations

Ministry of State Security (MSS), the most feared secretive organization on the planet.
It is a living testimony that China’s domestic counterintelligence capabilities have crippled major U.S. Clandestine Operations in its yard if not reduced them to none. 

China’s successful counterintelligence operations exemplify the continued advancement of Chinese national intelligence and counterintelligence capabilities. For decades, the United Sates has been locked in a game of espionage with China. In 2010, the espionage game between the U.S. and China came to a climax point when the Chinese government strategically dismantle CIA espionage operations that were taking place inside its national borders.

The mission of Intelligence: Intelligence agencies are the first line of defense against potential internal and external threats. They are tasked with gathering intelligence, conducting various forms of conspiratorial wig-hogs ( spreading fake information), espionage, advising the government when it comes to national security matters and in extremely case carrying out political assassinations. This must stated that some intelligence agencies are better than others. The robustness of an intelligence entity is based on the sheer determination, morale or technical capability on dealing with threats quickly.

Logo: China Ministry of State Security
This special article gave a pivotal focus on Ministry of State Security (MSS), the most feared secretive organization on the planet thus far. The organization was formed in 1983, as state security agency and intelligence outfit of People's Republic of China. It is headquartered in Beijing and has about 17 known bureaus or divisions, including a counterintelligence division in military,civil and a social research division. The MSS plays a central role in curtailing the political influence on internet especially social media in China. The agency is also responsible for handling internal security matters and anything that might instigate citizens to rebel against the Communist government. The MSS its works on external involved heavily in economic espionage and industrial intelligence, which gave a speculation that the Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei is helping the agency gather intelligence from around the world. The agency employed over 100,000 intelligence personnel both inside and outside China, the MSS has been able to play its part effectively, especially in regard to national security.

On the diplomatic fallout with United states, China escalates its counterintelligence operations against the U.S. whose oftentimes attempting to penetrate the oriental societies through the concept of democracy, creation of political division and civil influencers. As countermeasure China has become more aggressive in its detection and prevention of U.S. espionage within its soil. Pentagon is fed up by the lack of effective operations against China.

Yes, China’s counterintelligence advancement is not only threaten U.S. intelligence but even foreign interests. Starting in 2010, China launched a counterintelligence operation against the United States which resulted in either the killing or imprisonment of up to 20 CIA agents operating within China's mainland.  U.S. government and intelligence officials have come to describe the incident as one of the worst intelligence breaches ever since the Cold War. Dozens of American spies were secretively killed in Iran and China after a flawed communications service that allowed foreign foes to see what the agents were up to using Google Apps, official sources have claimed. Between 2009 and 2013 the US Central Intelligence Agency suffered a “catastrophic” secret communications failure in a website used by officers and their field agents around the world to speak to each other, according to a report in Yahoo News, which heard from 11 former intelligence and government officials about the previously unreported disaster. “We’re still dealing with the fallout,” said one former national security official. “Dozens of people around the world were killed because of this.” The internet-based communications platform was first used in the Middle East to communicate with soldiers in war zones and had not been intended for widespread use but due to its ease of use and efficacy, it was adopted by agents despite its lack of sophistication, the sources claimed.

While the extent of compromise has yet to be fully assessed, it is evident that the intelligence breach severely hindered the U.S. intelligence interests as well as morale to operate in the region. Former Deputy Defense Minister of Taiwan, Lin Chong-pin stated that the event demonstrates that “both China and the US are working on countering espionage, but obviously the US lags behind. It’s very hard for the US to conduct intelligence gathering [on Chinese intelligence] because it takes quite some courage to acknowledge that.” The U.S. intelligence community is still investigating the cause of the CIA intelligence network breach in China. Recent reports released by the United States government have indicated that some suspects are mole within the CIA whose their jobs to leak the information to the Chinese intelligence. However, other security analysts in Washington argued that it was not the work of a mole but rather a Chinese cyber attack which led to the exploitation of 20 CIA operatives covers being blowout. To this day, the debate between which hypothesis caused the intelligence leak still remains unresolved.

Recent changes in Chinese national security law indicate that China is dedicated to further bolstering its foreign intelligence exploitation, collection capabilities and effectuate domestic countermeasures. In previous year China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) passed the National Security Law which tasked China’s National Security Commission, led by Xi Jinping, with overseeing various aspects of China’s national security. The National Security Law served as a catalyst in forming China’s most recent national security legislation. The National Security Law of 2017 was recently implemented by the NPC. The new security law increased the legal capabilities of China’s intelligence agencies in terms of monitoring and investigating both foreign and domestic individuals on account of protecting China’s national security. Specifically, the law allows Chinese intelligence officials to enter any premise regarded “restricted access areas” and deploy superstitious “technological reconnaissance measures” to collect intelligence on suspected agents or individual. Moreover, the law gives Chinese intelligence agencies the legal capability to seize real estate, communication devices, vehicles, and homes without first obtaining a warrant. Both of these laws highlight Xi Jinping’s attempt to bolster China’s intelligence/counterintelligence capabilities.

In 1995, Chinese intelligence agents successfully stole U.S. design plans of a next generation miniaturized nuclear warhead, the W-88.  This event was the first significant example of Chinese espionage defeating the counterintelligence capabilities of the United States. Twenty-two years later, China’s international spy network continues to be a significant threat to U.S. intelligence and national security. In July of 2017, Guo Wengui, a Chinese businessman who had previous ties to the Chinese Ministry of State Security (MSS), reported that China’s spy network in the United States currently includes 25,000 Chinese intelligence officers and 15,000 recruited local agents.  According to Wengui, the Chinese intelligence operatives have four primary strategic objectives. The first, and most important, is two obtain military and weapons-related technology. The second objective is “buying” senior U.S. officials to gain political influence. The third is to buy family members of American political or business elites. The fourth and final objective is to penetrate and embed America’s internet infrastructure with malicious software.

While the extent to which the Chinese have been able to successfully execute their espionage activities beyond its national borders undeterminable, it is evident that the Chinese intelligence threat in America has increased.


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